منتديات الهداية الإسلامية
يقول تعالى: ( وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلاً مِّمَّن دَعَا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحاً وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ )

سجّل نفسك معنا ... و كن ممن ينفع و ينتفع ...و الله و لي التوفيق .

منتديات الهداية الإسلامية

هدفنا نصرة الإسلام و المسلمين و إعلاء كلمة الحق و إتباع قوله صلى الله عليه و سلم {بلغوا عني ولو آية}
 
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 Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
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مُساهمةموضوع: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:17:47


Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?
التعريف بالنبي الكريم

Muhammad was born in Makkah in the year 570. Since his father
died before his birth and his mother died shortly thereafter, he was
raised by his uncle who was from the respected tribe of Quraysh. He was
raised illiterate, unable to read or write, and remained so till his
death. His people, before his mission as a prophet, were ignorant of
science and most of them were illiterate. As he grew up, he became
known to be truthful, honest, trustworthy, generous, and sincere. He
was so trustworthy that they called him the Trustworthy. Muhammad was
very religious, and he had long detested the decadence and idolatry of
his society.

At the age of forty, Muhammad received his first revelation from
God through the Angel Gabriel. The revelations continued for
twenty-three years, and they are collectively known as the Quran.

As soon as he began to recite the Quran and to preach the truth
which God had revealed to him, he and his small group of followers
suffered persecution from unbelievers. The persecution grew so fierce
that in the year 622 God gave them the command to emigrate. This
emigration from Makkah to the city of Madinah, some 260 miles to the
north, marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.

After several years, Muhammad and his followers were able to
return to Makkah, where they forgave their enemies. Before Muhammad
died, at the age of sixty-three, the greater part of the Arabian
Peninsula had become Muslim, and within a century of his death, Islam
had spread to Spain in the West and as far East as China. Among the
reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the truth and
clarity of its doctrine. Islam calls for faith in only one God, Who is
the only one worthy of worship.

The Prophet Muhammad was a perfect example of an honest, just,
merciful, compassionate, truthful, and brave human being. Though he was
a man, he was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove
solely for the sake of God and His reward in the Hereafter. Moreover,
in all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of God

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:18:01


The Simple Life of Muhammad
نبذة عن حياة نبينا الكريم

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Simple Life of Muhammad



If we compare the life of Muhammad before his mission as a
prophet and his life after he began his mission as a prophet, we
will conclude that it is beyond reason to think that Muhammad was a
false prophet, who claimed prophethood to attain material gains,
greatness, glory, or power.

Before his mission as a prophet, Muhammad had no financial
worries. As a successful and reputed merchant, Muhammad drew a
satisfactory and comfortable income. After his mission as a prophet and
because of it, he became worse off materially. To clarify this more,
let us browse the following sayings on his life:

Aa’isha, Muhammad’s wife, said, “O my nephew, we would sight
three new moons in two months without lighting a fire (to **** a meal)
in the Prophet’s houses.” Her nephew asked, “O Aunt, what sustained
you?” She said, “The two black things, dates and water, but the Prophet
had some Ansar neighbors who had milk-giving she-camels and they used
to send the Prophet some of its milk.”


Sahl Ibn Sa’ad, one of Muhammad’s companions, said, “The
Prophet of God did not see bread made from fine flour from the time God
sent him (as a prophet) until he died.”


Aa’isha, Muhammad’s wife, said, “The mattress of the Prophet ,
on which he slept, was made of leather stuffed with the fiber of the
date-palm tree.”


Amr Ibn Al-Hareth, one of Muhammad’s companions, said that when
the Prophet died, he left neither money nor anything else except his
white riding mule, his arms, and a piece of land which he left to
charity.

Muhammad lived this hard life till he died although the Muslim
treasury was at his disposal, the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula
was Muslim before he died, and the Muslims were victorious after
eighteen years of his mission.

Is it possible that Muhammad might have claimed prophet hood in
order to attain status, greatness, and power? The desire to enjoy
status and power is usually associated with good food, fancy clothing,
monumental palaces, colorful guards, and indisputable authority. Do any
of these indicators apply to Muhammad ? A few glimpses of his life that
may help answer this question follow.

Despite his responsibilities as a prophet, a teacher, a
statesman, and a judge, Muhammad used to milk his goat, mend his
clothes, repair his shoes, help with the household work, and visit poor
people when they got sick. He also helped his companions in digging a
trench by moving sand with them. His life was an amazing model of
simplicity and humbleness.


Muhammad’s followers loved him, respected him, and trusted him
to an amazing extent. Yet he continued to emphasize that deification
should be directed to God and not to him personally. Anas, one of
Muhammad’s companions, said that there was no person whom they loved
more than the Prophet Muhammad , yet when he came to them, they did not
stand up for him because he hated their standing up for him, as other
people do with their great people.


Long before there was any prospect of success for Islam and at
the outset of a long and painful era of torture, suffering, and
persecution of Muhammad and his followers, he received an interesting
offer. An envoy of the pagan leaders, Otba, came to him saying, “...If
you want money, we will collect enough money for you so that you will
be the richest one of us. If you want leadership, we will take you as
our leader and never decide on any matter without your approval. If you
want a kingdom, we will crown you king over us...” Only one concession
was required from Muhammad in return for that, to give up calling
people to Islam and worshipping God alone without any partner. Wouldn’t
this offer be tempting to one pursuing worldly benefit? Was Muhammad
hesitant when the offer was made? Did he turn it down as a bargaining
strategy leaving the door open for a better offer? The following was
his answer: {In the Name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful}
And he recited to Otba the verses of the Quran 41:1-38. The Following
are some of these verses:

A revelation from (God), the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful; a
Book whereof the verses are explained in detail; a Quran in Arabic, for
people who know, giving good news and warning, yet most of them turn
away, so they do not listen. (Quran, 41:2-4)


On another occasion and in response to his uncle’s plea to stop
calling people to Islam, Muhammad’s answer was as decisive and sincere:
{I swear by the name of God, O Uncle!, that if they place the sun in my
right-hand and the moon in my left-hand in return for giving up this
matter (calling people to Islam), I will never desist until either God
makes it triumph or I perish defending it}


Muhammad and his few followers did not only suffer from
persecution for thirteen years but the unbelievers even tried to
kill Muhammad several times. On one occasion they attempted to kill him
by dropping a large boulder, which could barely be lifted, on his head.
Another time they tried to kill him by poisoning his food. What could
justify such a life of suffering and sacrifice even after he was fully
triumphant over his adversaries? What could explain the humbleness and
nobility which he demonstrated in his most glorious moments when he
insisted that success is due only to God’s help and not to his own
genius? Are these the characteristics of a power-hungry or a
self-centered man?

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:18:15


A Mercy to the Worlds
رحمه للعالمين



Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was an
illiterate but wise and well-respected man, a member of the ruling
Quraysh tribe, who was born in Makkah in the year 570 C.E.*, at a time
when Christianity was not yet fully established in Europe . He was
orphaned at an early age and then raised by his uncle Abu Talib.





As Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) grew up, he became known
for his truthfulness, generosity and sincerity, so that he was sought
after for his ability to arbitrate in disputes. His reputation and
personal qualities also led to his marriage at the age of 25 to
Khadijah, a widow whom he had assisted in business. From then on, he
became an important and trusted citizen of Makkah. Historians describe
him as calm and meditative.

Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) never felt ******* to be
part of his society whose values were devoid of true religious
significance. He never worshiped idols and never drank alcohol,
although drinking was widespread in Arabian society at that time. It
became his habit to retreat from time to time to meditate in the cave
of Hira ’ near the summit of Jabal An-Nur, the “ Mountain of Light ”,
near Makkah.

At the age of 40, while engaged in one such meditative retreat,
Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) received his first
revelation from Allah (God) through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril). This
revelation, which continued for twenty-three years, is known as the
Qur’an.



The Early Message



His first convert was his wife Khadijah, whose support and
companionship provided necessary reassurance and strength. He also won
the support of some of his relatives and friends. The basic themes of
the early message were the majesty of the One, Unique God; the futility
of idol worship; the threat of judgment; and the necessity of faith,
compassion and morality in human affairs.

All these themes represented an attack on the crass materialism and
idolatry prevalent in Makkah at the time. So when he began to proclaim
the message to others, the Makkans rejected him. He and his small group
of followers suffered bitter persecution. Muhammad (peace and blessings
be upon him) and his followers drew comfort from the knowledge revealed
to him about other Prophets, such as Abraham, Joseph, and Moses, each
of whom had also been persecuted and tested.


Emigration



The persecution by the Makkans grew so fierce that in the year 622
c.e., thirteen years after the beginning of the revelation, Allah (God)
commanded the Muslims to emigrate. This event, the Hijrah (migration),
in which they left Makkah for the city of Madinah , some 433 km (260
miles) to the north, marked the beginning of a new era and thus the
beginning of the Muslim calendar.

In Madinah the Muslims were able to live, worship, and spread their
message in peace. During this period, the revelations of the Qur'an
mainly dealt with the Muslims' relationships with family members, the
community of believers, and the non-Muslims.


The Quraysh in Makkah continued their efforts to stop the growth of
Islam and forced the Muslims to fight several battles. Finally a truce
was called and the Treaty of Hudaybiyah was signed to bring an end to
hostilities.

When the Makkans broke the truce two years later, the Muslims set off
to fight them. However, on seeing the size of the Muslim army, the
Makkans surrendered. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him)
and his followers entered the city peacefully, where they forgave their
enemies and established Islam definitively.

By the time the Prophet died at the age of 63, ten years after the
Hijrah, the greater part of Arabia had accepted Islam. Within a century
of his death, Islam had spread as far west as Spain and as far east as
China . It was clear that the message was not limited to Arabs; it was
for the whole of humanity. In the Qur’an, Allah describes Muhammad
(peace and blessings be upon him) as (a mercy to the worlds) (21:107,
Shakir’s translation).

Although Muhammad is deeply loved, revered and emulated by Muslims as Allah’s final Messenger, he is not an object of worship.

* C.E. stands for Common Era, which is the period coinciding with the Christian era

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:18:25


The prothet Mohammed in the Bible
إثبات نبوة النبي الكريم من الإنجيل


According to the Bible, God said to Moses, on whom be peace: " I
will raise upfor them a prophet like you from among their brothers, I
will put my words inhis mouth, and he will tell them 'everything I
command him" (The Holy Bible, NewInternational Version, Deuteronomy
chapter 18, verse 18).


The prophet described in the above verse must have the following threecharacteristics:
1. He will be like Moses.
2. He will come from the brothers of theIsraelites, i.e. the Ishmaelites.
3. God will put his words in the mouth ofthe prophet and he will declare what God commanded him.
Let ussee which prophet God was speaking of.

1. The prophet like Moses
Some people feel that thisprophecy refers to the prophet Jesus,
on whom be peace. But, although Jesus(peace be upon him and all of
God's prophets and messengers) was truly a prophetof God, he is not the
prophet spoken of here. He was born miraculously, andfinally God raised
him up miraculously. On the other hand, Muhammad is more likeMoses;
both were born in a natural way and both died natural deaths.


2.From among the Ishmaelite
Abraham had two sons, Ishmael andIsaac (Genesis, chapter 21).
Ishmael became the grandfather of the Arab nation.And Isaac became the
grandfather of Jewish nation. The prophet spoken of was tocome not from
among the Jews themselves, but from among their brothers,
theIshmaelite. Muhammad a descendant of Ishmael, is indeed that prophet.


3.God will put his words in his mouth
" Neither the ******* of therevelation, nor its form, were of
Muhammad's devising. Both were given by theangel, and Muhammad's task
was only to repeat what he heard" (Word Religionsfrom Ancient history
to the Present, by Geoffrey Parrinder, p.472).


God sent the angel Gabriel to teach Muhammad the exact wordsthat
he should repeat to the people. The words are therefore not his own;
theydid not come from his own thoughts, but were put into his mouth by
the angel.These are written down in the Qur'an word for word, exactly
as they came fromGod.


Now that we know that prophet we must listen to him,for,
according to the Bible, God says: 'I will punish anyone who refuses to
obeyhim' (Good News Bible, Deut. 18:19).




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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:18:35


Compassion and Mercy of the Prophet Muhammad
بعثة النبي للبشر رحمة للعالمين


As for compassion, tenderness and mercy to all creation, Allah
said about him: "Grievous to him is what you suffer, anxious for you,
compassionate is he, merciful to the believers." (10:128) Allah says:
"We only sent you as a mercy to all the worlds." (21:107)



Part of his excellence is that Allah gave him two of His names, saying: "merciful, compassionate to the believers."


Ibn Shihab said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, went on a raid [and he mentioned Hunayn]. The
Messenger of Allah gave Safwan ibn Umayya a hundred camels, then a
hundred, then a hundred." Ibn Shihab said, "Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab
related that Safwan said, 'By Allah, he gave me what he gave me. He was
the most hated of people to me and he continued to give to me until he
was the most beloved of people to me.'


It is related that a bedouin came asking for something from him.
He gave the man something and said, "Have I been good to you?" The
bedouin said, "No, you have not and you have not done well." The
Muslims became angry and went for him. The Prophet indicated that they
should hold off. Then the Prophet got up and went into his house. Then
the Prophet sent for him and added something to his gift and said,
"Have I been good to you?" The bedouin replied, "Yes, may Allah repay
you well in family and tribe." The Prophet said, "You said what you
said and that angered my Companions. If you like, say what you said in
my presence in their presence so as to remove what they harbour in
their breasts against you." He said, "Yes." He came back later and the
Prophet said, "This bedouin said what he said and then we gave him
more. He claims that he is *******. Isn't that so?" He said, "Yes, may
Allah repay you well in your family and tribe." The Prophet said, "The
example of this man and me is like a man who has a she-camel who bolts
from him. People chase it and they only make it shy away more. The
owner calls to them to stay clear of him and his she-camel, saying, 'I
am more compassionate and better to it than you.' He goes in front of
it and takes some clods of dirt and drives it back until it comes and
kneels. He saddles and mounts it. If I had given you your heads when
the man said what he said, you would have killed him and he would have
entered the Fire."(Al-Bazzar from Abu Hurayra)



It is related that the Prophet said, "None of you should come to
me with anything about any of my Companions for I do not want to go out
to you except with a clear heart.” (Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi from Ibn
Mas'ud)



Part of his compassion towards his community was that he made
things easy for them. He disliked doing certain things out of the fear
that they would become obligatory for them. He said, "If I had not been
compassionate to my community, I would have commanded them to use the
siwak every time they did wudu'.” (Muslim and al-Bukhari.)



There is also the tradition about the night prayer and the one
forbidding them to fast continuously and the one about his dislike of
entering the Ka'ba lest it became incumbent on his community and his
desire that his Lord should make his curse against them a mercy to
them. When he heard a child weeping, he would shorten the prayer.



An instance of his compassion was that he called on his Lord and
made a compact with Him saying, "If ever I curse a man or make an
invocation against him, make it zakat for him and mercy, prayer,
purification and an act of drawing-near by which he will draw near to
you on the Day of Rising.” (Muslim and al-Bukhari and Abu Hurayra)



When his people rejected him, Jibril came to him and said,
"Allah has heard what your people say to you and how they reject you.
He has ordered the angels of the mountains to obey whatever you tell
them to do." The angel of the mountains called him, greeted him and
said, "Send me to do what you wish. If you wish, I will crush them
between the two mountains of Makka." The Prophet said, "Rather, I hope
that Allah will bring forth from their loins those who will worship
Allah alone and not associate anything with Him.” (Muslim and
al-Bukhari and the Six Books)



Ibn al-Munkadir related that Jibril told the Prophet, "Allah has
ordered heaven, earth and mountains to obey you." He said, "Reprieve my
community. Perhaps Allah will turn to them." (Mursal hadith)



'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, was never given a choice between two things but that
he chose the easier of the two."



Ibn Mas'ud said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, was careful when he admonished us, fearing he
would tire us." (Muslim and al-Bukhari)



'A'isha was riding an unruly camel which was recalcitrant and
started to hit it repeatedly, The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace, said, "You must have compassion." (Al-Bayhaqi)


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:18:57


The Message
نبذة عن مكة المكرمة قبل البعثة وحياة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قبل تلقي الرسالة, نزول الوحي عليه الصلاة والسلام في غار حراء


In or about the year 570 the child who would be named Muhammad and who
would become the Prophet of one of the world's great religions, Islam,
was born into a family belonging to a clan of Quraysh, the ruling tribe
of Mecca, a city in the Hijaz region of northwestern Arabia.

Originally the site of the Ka'bah, a shrine of ancient origins, Mecca
had with the decline of southern Arabia (see Chapter l ) become an
important center of sixth-century trade with such powers as the
Sassanians, Byzantines, and Ethiopians. As a result the city was
dominated by powerful merchant families among whom the men of Quraysh
were preeminent.

Muhammad's father, 'Abd Allah ibn'Abd al-Muttalib, died before the boy
was born; his mother, Aminah, died when he was six. The orphan was
consigned to the care of his grandfather, the head of the clan of
Hashim. After the death of his grandfather, Muhammad was raised by his
uncle, Abu Talib. As was customary, Muhammad as a child was sent to
live for a year or two with a Bedouin family. This custom, followed
until recently by noble families of Mecca, Medina, Tayif, and other
towns of the Hijaz, had important implications for Muhammad. In
addition to enduring the hardships of desert life, he acquired a taste
for the rich ******** so loved by the Arabs, whose speech was their
proudest art, and learned the patience and forbearance of the herdsmen,
whose life of solitude he first shared and then came to understand and
appreciate.

About the year 590, Muhammad, then in his twenties, entered the service
of a widow named Khadijah as a merchant actively engaged with trading
caravans to the north. Sometime later Muhammad married Khadijah, by
whom he had two sons - who did not survive - and four daughters.

During this period of his life Muhammad traveled widely. Then, in his
forties he began to retire to meditate in a cave on Mount Hira outside
of Mecca, where the first of the great events of Islam took place. One
day, as he sat in the cave, he heard a voice, later identified as that
of the Angel Gabriel, which ordered him to:

Recite: In the name of thy Lord who created, Created man from a clot of blood.

Three times Muhammad pleaded his inability to do so, but each time the
command was repeated. Finally, Muhammad recited the words of what are
now the first five verses of the 96th surah or chapter of the Quran -
words which proclaim God the Creator of man and the Source of all
knowledge.

At first Muhammad divulged his experience only to his wife and his
immediate circle. But as more revelations enjoined him to proclaim the
oneness of God universally, his following grew, at first among the poor
and the slaves, but later also among the most prominent men of Mecca.
The revelations he received at this time and those he did so later are
all incorporated in the Quran, the ******ure of Islam.

Not everyone accepted God's message transmitted through Muhammad. Even
in his own clan there were those who rejected his teachings, and many
merchants actively opposed the message. The opposition, however, merely
served to sharpen Muhammad's sense of mission and his understanding of
exactly how Islam differed from paganism. The belief in the unity of
God was paramount in Islam; from this all else followed. The verses of
the Quran stress God's uniqueness, warn those who deny it of impending
punishment, and proclaim His unbounded compassion to those who submit
to His will. They affirm the Last Judgment, when God, the Judge, will
weigh in the balance the faith and works of each man, rewarding the
faithful and punishing the transgressor. Because the Quran rejected
polytheism and emphasized man's moral responsibility, in powerful
images, it presented a grave challenge to the worldly Meccans.


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:19:06


Mohammad's manners and disposition
من أخلاقيات النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم


Mohammad's manners and disposition

"By the grace of Allah, you are gentle towards the people; if you had
been stern and ill-tempered, they would have dispersed from round about
you" (translation of Qur'an 3:159)

About himself the prophet (pbuh) said
"Allah has sent me as an apostle so that I may demonstrate perfection
of character, refinement of manners and loftiness of deportment."

By nature he was gentle and kind hearted, always inclined to be
gracious and to overlook the faults of others. Politeness and courtesy,
compassion and tenderness, simplicity and humility, sympathy and
sincerity were some of the keynotes of his character. In the cause of
right and justice he could be resolute and severe but more often than
not, his severity was tempered with generosity. He had charming manners
which won him the affection of his followers and secured their
devotion. Though virtual king of Arabia and an apostle of Allah, he
never assumed an air of superiority. Not that he had to conceal any
such vein by practice and artifice: with fear of Allah, sincere
humility was ingrained in his heart. He used to say,
"I am a Prophet of Allah but I do not know what will be my end."

In one of his sermons calculated to instill the fear of Allah and the day of reckoning in the hearts of men, he said,
"O people of Quraish be prepared for the hereafter, I cannot save you
from the punishment of Allah; O Bani Abd Manaf, I cannot save you from
Allah; O Abbas, son of Abdul Mutalib, I cannot protect you either; O
Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, even you I cannot save."

He used to pray,
"O Allah! I am but a man. If I hurt any one in any manner, then forgive me and do not punish me."

He always received people with courtesy and showed respect to older people and stated:
"To honor an old man is to show respect to Allah."
He would not deny courtesy even to wicked persons. It is stated that a
person came to his house and asked permission for admission. The
prophet (pbuh) remarked that he was not a good person but might be
admitted. When he came in and while he remained in the house, he was
shown full courtesy. When he left Aiysha said,
"You did not think well of this man, but you treated him so well."
The prophet (pbuh) replied,
"He is a bad person in the sight of Allah who does not behave
courteously and people shun his company bacause of his bad manners."

He was always the first to greet another and would not withdraw his
hand from a handshake till the other man withdrew his. If one wanted to
say something in his ears, he would not turn away till one had finished
.

He did not like people to get up for him and used to say,
"Let him who likes people to stand up in his honour, he should seek a place in hell." .
He would himself, however, stand up when any dignitary came to him. He
had stood up to receive the wet nurse who had reared him in infancy and
had spread his own sheet for her. His foster brother was given similar
treatment. He avoided sitting at a prominent place in a gathering, so
much so that people coming in had difficulty in spotting him and had to
ask which was the Prophet (pbuh). Quite frequently uncouth bedouins
accosted him in their own gruff and impolite manner but he never took
offence.
.
He used to visit the poorest of ailing persons and exhorted all muslims
to do likewise ". He would sit with the humblest of persons saying that
righteousness alone was the criterion of one's superiority over
another. He invariably invited people be they slaves, servants or the
poorest believers, to partake with him of his scanty meals .

Whenever he visited a person he would first greet him and then take his
permission to enter the house. He advised the people to follow this
etiquette and not to get annoyed if anyone declined to give permission,
for it was quite likely the person concerned was busy otherwise and did
not mean any disrespect (Ibid).

There was no type of household work too low or too undignified for him. Aiysha has stated,

"He always joined in household work and would at times mend his
clothes, repair his shoes and sweep the floor. He would milk, tether,
and feed his animals and do the household shopping."

He would not hesitate to do the
menial work of others, particularly of orphans and widows (Nasi,
Darmi). Once when there was no male member in the house of the
companion Kabab Bin Arat who had gone to the battlefield, he used to go
to his house daily and milk his cattle for the inhabitants .

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:19:14


Love for the poor
خلق النبي الكريم مع الفقراء


The Prophet (pbuh) enjoined upon Muslims to treat the poor kindly and
to help them with alms, zakat, and in other ways. He said:
"He is not a perfect muslim who eats his fill and lets his neighbor go hungr."
He asked,
"Do you love your Creator? Then love your fellow beings first."
Monopoly is unlawful in Islam and he preached that
"It is diffucult for a man laden with riches to climb the steep path that leads to bliss."

He did not prohibit or discourage the aquisition of wealth but insisted
that it be lawfully aquired by honest means and that a portion of it
would go to the poor. He advised his followers
"To give the laborer his wages before his perspiration dried up."

He did not encourage beggary either and stated that
"Allah is gracious to him who earns his living by his own labor, and
that if a man begs to increase his property, Allah will diminish it and
whoever has food for the day, it is prohibited for him to beg."
To his wife he said,
"O Aysha, love the poor and let them come to you and Allah will draw you near to Himself."

One or two instances of the Prophet's (pbuh) concern for the poor may
be given here. A Madinan, Ibad Bin Sharjil, was once starving. He
entered an orchard and picked some fruit. The owner of the orchard gave
him a sound beating and stripped off his clothes. The poor man appealed
to the Prophet (pbuh) who remonstrated the owner thus:
"This man was ignorant, you should have dispelled his ignorance; he was hungry, you should have fed him."

His clothes were restored to the Madinan and, in addition, some grain was given to him .
A debtor, Jabir Bin Abdullah, was being harassed by his creditor as he
could not clear his debt owing to the failure of his date crop. The
Prophet (pbuh) went with Jabir to the house of the creditor and pleaded
with him to give Jabir some more time but the creditor was not prepared
to oblige. The Prophet (pbuh) then went to the oasis and having seen
for himself that the crop was really poor, he again approached the
creditor with no better result. He then rested for some time and
approached the creditor for a third time but the latter was adamant.
The Prophet (pbuh) went again to the orchard and asked Jabir to pluck
the dates. As Allah would have it, the collection not only sufficed to
clear the dues but left something to spare .

His love for the poor was so deep that he used to pray:

"O Allah, keep me poor in my life and at my death and raise me at resurrection among those who are poor."






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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:19:24


Kindness to animals
النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يحث على الرفق بالحيوان

The Prophet Mohammad(pbuh) not only preached to the people to
show kindness to each other but also to all living souls. He forbade
the practice of cutting tails and manes of horses, of branding animals
at any soft spot, and of keeping horses saddled unnecessarily . If he
saw any animal over-loaded or ill-fed he would pull up the owner and
say,

"Fear Allah in your treatment of animals."
A companion came to him with the young ones of a bird in his
sheet and said that the mother bird had hovered over them all along. He
was directed to replace her offspring in the same bush

During a journey, somebody picked up some birds eggs. The bird's
painful note and fluttering attracted the attention of the Prophet
(pbuh), who asked the man to replace the eggs .


As his army marched towards Makkah to conquer it, they passed a
female dog with puppies. The Prophet (pbuh) not only gave orders that
they should not be disturbed, but posted a man to see that this was
done.


He stated,

"Verily, there is heavenly reward for every act of kindness done to a living animal."

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:19:35


Equality
النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يحث على المساواة


The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) asked people to shun notions of
racial, family or any other form of superiority based on mundane things
and said that righteousness alone was the criterion of one's
superiority over another. It has already been shown how he mixed with
everyone on equal terms, how he ate with slaves, servants and the
poorest on the same sheet (a practice that is still followed in
Arabia), how he refused all privileges and worked like any ordinary
laborer. Two instances may, however, be quoted here:

Once the Prophet (pbuh) visited Saad Bin Abadah. While returning
Saad sent his son Quais with him. The Prophet (pbuh) asked Quais to
mount his camel with him. Quais hesitated out of respect but the
Prophet (pbuh) insisted: "Either mount the camel or go back." Quais
decided to go back.


On another occasion he was traveling on his camel over hilly
terrain with a disciple, Uqba Bin Aamir. After going some distance, he
asked Uqba to ride the camel, but Uqba thought this would be showing
disrespect to the Prophet (pbuh). But the Prophet (pbuh) insisted and
he had to comply. The Prophet (pbuh) himself walked on foot as he did
not want to put too much load on the animal.


The prisioners of war of Badr included Abbas, the uncle of the
Prophet (pbuh). Some people were prepared to forgo their shares and
remit the Prophet's (pbuh) ransom but he declined saying that he could
make no distinctions."


During a halt on a journey, the companions apportioned work
among themselves for preparing food. The Prophet (pbuh) took upon
himself the task of collecting firewood. His companions pleaded that
they would do it and that he need not take the trouble, but he replied,


"It is true, but I do not like to attribute any distinction to
myself. Allah does not like the man who considers himself superior to
his companions."

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:19:54


Justice
عدالة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم


Justice
The Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) asked people to be just and kind. As the
supreme judge and arbiter, as the leader of men, as generalissimo of a
rising power, as a reformer and apostle, he had always to deal with men
and their affairs. He had often to deal with mutually inimical and
warring tribes when showing justice to one carried the danger of
antagonizing the other, and yet he never deviated from the path of
justice. In administering justice, he made no distinction between
believers and nonbelievers, friends and foes, high and low. From
numerous instances reported in the traditions, a few are given below.
Sakhar, a chief of a tribe, had helped Muhammad (pbuh) greatly in the
seige of Taif, for which he was naturally obliged to him. Soon after,
two charges were brought against Sakhar: one by Mughira of illegal
confinement of his (Mughira's) aunt and the other by Banu Salim of
forcible occupation of his spring by Sakhar. In both cases, he decided
against Sakhar and made him undo the wrong.

Abdullah Bin Sahal, a companion, was deputed to collect rent from Jews
of Khaibar. His cousin Mahisa accompanied him but, on reaching Khaibar,
they had separated. Abdullah was waylaid and done to death. Mahisa
reported this tragedy to the Prophet (pbuh) but as there were no
eye-witnesses to identify the guilty, he did not say anything to the
Jews and paid the blood-money out of the state revenues .

A woman of the Makhzoom family with good connections was found guilty
of theft. For the prestige of the Quraish, some prominent people
including Asama Bin Zaid interceded to save her from punishment. The
Prophet (pbuh) refused to condone the crime and expressed displeasure
saying,

"Many a community ruined itself in the past as they only punished the
poor and ignored the offences of the exalted. By Allah, if Muhammad's
(My) daughter Fatima would have committed theft, her hand would have
been severed."

The Jews, in spite of their hostility to the Prophet (pbuh), were so
impressed by his impartiallity and sense of justice that they used to
bring their cases to him, and he decided them according to Jewish law.

Once, while he was distributing the spoils of war, people flocked
around him and one man almost fell upon him. He pushed the men with a
stick causing a slight abrasion. He was so sorry about this that he
told the man that he could have his revenge, but the man said, "O
messenger of Allah, I forgive you." .

In his fatal illness, the Prophet (pbuh) proclaimed in a concourse
assembled at his house that if he owed anything to anyone the person
concerned could claim it; if he had ever hurt anyone's person, honor or
property, he could have his price while he was yet in this world. A
hush fell on the crowd. One man came forward to claim a few dirhams
which were paid at once.

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:20:04


Examples of the Prophet Muhammad’s Sayings
من أقوال النبي الكريم: أحاديث


{The believers, in their love, mercy, and kindness to
one another are like a body: if any part of it is ill, the whole body
shares its sleeplessness and fever.}

{The most perfect of the believers in faith are the best of them in
morals. And the best among them are those who are best to their wives.}


{None of you believes (completely) until he loves for his
brother what he loves for himself.}

{The merciful are shown mercy by the All-Merciful. Show mercy to those on earth, and God will show mercy to you.}

{Smiling at your brother is charity...}

{A good word is charity.}

{Whoever believes in God and the Last Day (the Day of Judgment) should do good to his neighbor.}

{God does not judge you according to your appearance and your wealth, but He looks at your hearts and looks into your deeds.}

{Pay the worker his wage before his sweat dries.}

{A man walking along a path felt very thirsty. Reaching a well, he
descended into it, drank his fill, and came up. Then he saw a dog with
its tongue hanging out, trying to lick up mud to quench its thirst. The
man said, “This dog is feeling the same thirst that I felt.” So he went
down into the well again, filled his shoe with water, and gave the dog
a drink. So, God thanked him and forgave his sins.} The Prophet was
asked, “Messenger of God, are we rewarded for kindness towards
animals?” He said: {There is a reward for kindness to every living
animal or human

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:20:18


The Message of Peace
الإسلام دين سلام يتمثل في شخصية النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم


The Prophet's most important task was to bring peace to
the world. To this end, he urged people to accept the fact that,
regardless of skin colour, ********, lifestyle or dwelling place, they
were all blood brothers and sisters. Only if they saw each other in
this light could there be mutual love and respect.

To his followers he would say, "You are all Adam's children, and Adam
was made of clay," and, asking them to live in peace, would add, "A
true believer is one with whom others feel secure - one who returns
love for hatred." He taught believers that returning love only when
love was given was base human conduct. The true believer causes no harm
to those who mistreated him, but chose rather to work for their good.

The Prophet (PBUH) himself led the way with his common sense, kindness,
gentleness, humility, and good humour. He greatly loved all people and
even animals.

The Prophet (PBUH) was a leader, yet, believing he was no greater or
better than others, he never made people feel small, unwanted or
embarrassed. He urged his followers to behave kindly and humbly, to
release slaves whenever possible and to give alms, especially to very
poor people, orphans and prisoners - with no thought of reward.

He was the soul of goodness, so that even if people harmed him, he
would pray for them, remaining unruffled, no matter how badly he was
treated. In setting this example, he encouraged people to turn to
Allah, as a Being of surpassing greatness.

He wanted all men and women to be unworldly and to have such great
peace of mind that nothing could disturb them. Then, with no grudges to
bear, they would seek no revenge, but would merely turn all events,
whether material or spiritual, into food for thought.

Throughout the first thirteen years of his prophethood, the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) preached in Makkah, although the Makkans bitterly
opposed this. When things became impossible, he left for Madinah.

Wars were waged against him, but he convinced his enemies that peace
had greater power than war, as was shown by the peace treaty of
Hudaybiyyah. In this the Prophet (PBUH) agreed to every demand of his
enemies, on the assurance that, in return, peace would necessarily
ensue.

His life went through various stages of well-being and extreme
hardship, yet never once did he stray from the path of moderation.

At all times, and right till the end, he remained the patient and
grateful servant of the Almighty, bringing His message of peace and
tolerance to all mankind.

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:20:31

[b][b][b][b]Lamartine says
:






"If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results
are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any
great man in modern history with Muhammad? The most famous men created
arms, laws and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more
than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This
man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples and
dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited
world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the
religions, the ideas, the beliefs and souls. . . his forbearance in
victory, his ambition, which was entirely devoted to one idea and in no
manner striving for an empire; his endless prayers, his mystic
conversations with God, his death and his triumph after death; all
these attest not to an imposture but to a firm conviction which gave
him the power to restore a dogma. This dogma was twofold, the unity of
God and the immateriality of God; the former telling what God is, the
latter telling what God is not; the one overthrowing false gods with
the sword, the other starting an idea with words.

"Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas,
restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images; the founder of
twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is
Muhammad. As regards all standards by which human greatness may be
measured, we may well ask, is there any man greater than he?"

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lamartine, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276-277.


[/b][/b][/b][/b]

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:20:43

[b][b]Books on Muhammad _pbuh_ :::

1

Muhammad the Greatest - by Ahmad Deedat








read now
[/b][/b]

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:20:57


Muhammad (pbuh) the Natural Successor to Christ (pbuh)- by Ahmad Deedat








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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?   الجمعة 5 سبتمبر - 9:21:08

The Final Days of the Prophet



On
the ninth day of the Prophet's Hajj (Dhul Hijja, 10 AH), the pilgrims
proceeded to the Plain of Arafat to stand on the Mount of Mercy. There
they stood in the sweltering heat, bare-headed, and thought about Allah
and prayed for His mercy. This is called the wuquf. Here, during the
sermon on that day the last passage of the Qur'an was revealed to the
Prophet Muhammad (SAWS): "Today I have perfected your religion and I
have completed My blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam for your
religion." (Qur'an 5:3)

After praying, the Prophet (SAWS) spoke to his followers. He told the
Muslims to let the Qur'an and his own example be their guides in life.
He ordered them to stop living as they had done before Islam. Revenge,
a very old ended. Property was to be respected. And, he said, "Know
that every Muslim is a Muslim's brother." This was a new idea to the
quarreling tribes. "Have I made myself very clear?" asked the Prophet
(SAWS) after every point.

After the sermon, the Prophet (SAWS) looked up and cried: "My Lord!
Have I delivered aright the Message I was charged with and fulfilled my
calling?" Then he told the gathering: "You will be asked about me, so
what will you say?"

They answered with one voice: "We bear witness that you have conveyed
Allah's message and have performed your duty and that you have meant
goodness for us." Pointing his index finger toward heaven and then to
the people, he said: "Oh, Allah, be witness; O Allah, be witness; O
Allah, be witness."

The Prophet (SAWS) ended his speech by saying, "Let those present
convey the message to the absent." By sunset, they headed back toward
Mina, gathering pebbles along the way. On the next day, they performed
the ritual of casting their pebbles at Satan, symbolized by three
pillars set up in memory of how Ibrahim (SAWS) and his family resisted
the temptation of Satan. In doing this, the pilgrims pledged themselves
once more to Allah and promised to do their best to drive any devils
out of themselves.

Finally, an animal was sacrificed, and the pilgrims returned to perform
the farewell tawaf of the Kabah. The meat from the sacrifice was sent
to the poor and needy.

Three months after returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage to Madinah,
the Prophet (SAWS) fell ill. The Messenger of Allah died on 12th Rabei
al-Awwal 11 AH (8th June 632 A.D). He was 63 years old.

As the news of his death spread, people refused to believe it. 'Umar
ibn al-Khattab, with his sword unsheathed, swore that he would slay
anybody who said that the Prophet (SAWS) had passed away. Seeing the
chaos, Abu Bakr mounted the pulpit and announced: "O people! For those
who worshipped Muhammad, Muhammad is dead. But whosever worshipped
Allah, let him know that Allah is alive, and will never die."

These brief words sum up an important belief Muslims have about the
Prophet Muhammad (SAWS). Muslims do not worship any human being. They
worship Allah and Allah only.

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Who Is the Prophet Muhammad ?
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